Rhododendrons are showy shrubs that can grow tall and wide. They are commonly seen covered in pink or purple blooms in the spring and summer.
However, there are hundreds of varieties (and even more hybrids), so it is possible to see blue, yellow, white, and orange blooms as well.
How long do rhododendrons live? The life span of a rhododendron depends on the variety, growing conditions, and quality of care, but most can live for many decades when well cared for and provided with ideal conditions. The blooms have a lifespan of two to seven months each year, depending on the specific variety.
Azaleas and rhododendrons are both members of the genus Rhododendron, with azaleas typically being smaller shrubs.
This article will explain all about their life span and how to maximize the life expectancy of your rhododendron and azalea plants.
How Long Rhododendrons Can Be Expected To Live
While rhododendrons are expected to live long lives, several determinants can affect the actual lifespan.
Proper care and the correct environment are two of the most important things to provide a rhododendron to maximize lifespan.
Average Rhododendron Lifespan
The average lifespan of rhododendron is tens to hundreds of years when given the proper care and living in the correct climate. The oldest known rhododendron is an estimated 131 years old!
Factors That Affect Rhododendron Life Expectancy
These plants are perennials and can live long lives. The maximum lifespan of each plant will depend on several factors, including the variety, the climate, and the care.
Care & Growing Conditions
Rhododendrons require well-draining soil. For optimal soil conditions, maintain an acidic pH between 4.5-6.0.
These plants have shallow roots, so mulch should be applied to the soil to keep the roots from drying out. The amount of sunlight needed will vary based on the species and climate.
Thanks to the hundreds of species and hybrids available to gardeners, you will be able to find a variety suited for your garden and climate.
Ask your local nursery for recommendations based on your location.
Like most plants, older rhododendrons with established root systems may have a hard time transplanting into a new location.
On the opposite side, young plants that are too small can have trouble establishing a root system after being transplanted.
New rhododendron shrubs can be expected to live for decades while older shrubs, of course, have already lived for many years and won’t last quite as long.
Pest Damage & Disease
Rhododendrons and azaleas are susceptible to common garden pests, like deer, whiteflies, aphids, and caterpillars.
The best way to treat pests is to diligently check your plants frequently and apply an insecticidal treatment as soon as pests are discovered.
Diseases can also wreak havoc on rhododendrons. One commonly seen issue is root rot. This occurs when the soil is not acidic enough and holds too much moisture.
Prolonged Periods of Harsh Weather
Even cold-loving varieties of rhododendron can be damaged by extensive snow and ice, so protect the plants by thoroughly mulching over the roots and wrapping the plant in burlap (when needed).
Excessive rain can cause the roots to sit in moist soil for too long. Hot temperatures can dry the roots out if there is not enough protective mulch.
Recent Root Disturbances
Avoid digging or disturbing the ground too close to your rhododendron. The root systems of these plants are shallow and spread out widely around the plant.
Any major changes to the surrounding area can negatively impact root development and soil drainage, so avoid this if at all possible.
Also, pesky animals, like gophers, can break through the roots and cause widespread damage.
How Long Do Rhododendron Blooms Last?
Rhododendron blooms can last two to seven months based on proper care, the correct environment, and which variety is planted. It takes approximately three weeks from bud formation to bloom.
Rhododendrons can produce flowers every year that they are alive. Extended periods of improper care or inclement weather can affect how prolific the blooms are each year.
To encourage as many beautiful blooms as possible, protect the plant from harsh weather. If winter is running long into the spring, wrap the plant in burlap.
If the hot summer is bleeding into the fall, provide shade to protect the flowers. Never allow your rhododendron roots to dry out completely or too sit in soggy soil.
Choosing a variety suited for your climate is the best way to promote prolific blooms. Some popular varieties that produce plenty of beautiful flowers are:
- Rhododendron ‘April Rose’
- Rhododendron ‘Christmas Cheer’
- Flame azalea (Rhododenron calendulaceum)
- Western azalea (Rhododendron occidentale)
How Long Do Azaleas Live?
Azaleas have similar lifespans to the closely related rhododendrons. They can live for decades with proper care and the correct environment.
When Do Rhododendrons Bloom?
In general, rhododendrons bloom around spring. However, different varieties bloom in the early (December-February), middle (March-April), and late (May-September) seasons.
Typically, warmer climates will have rhododendrons that bloom earlier, and those in colder climates will bloom later.
That’s a Wrap!
By choosing a variety suited for your climate and providing excellent care, you can ensure that your rhododendron will reach its full life span potential.
Talk with local growers and nurseries in your area to learn about the best varieties to plant and any specific care requirements. Your efforts will be rewarded with a lifetime of blooms to enjoy!